Definition of first degree murder.
In Illinois the first degree murder statue is listed under 720 ILCS 5/9-1(a). It says:
The First Degree Murder Statute Describes 3 Types of First Degree Murder
There are three types of first-degree murder charges in Illinois. The murder statute essentially describes:
- Intentional Murder
- Strong Probability Murder and
- Felony Murder
See the chart below to determine the key feature or requirement of each kind of murder.
|Intentional Murder||720 ILCS 5/9-1(a)(1)||“intends to kill or do great bodily harm”|
|Strong Probability||720 ILCS 5/9-1(a)(2)||“creates a strong probability of death or great bodily harm”|
|Felony Murder||720 ILCS 5/9-1(a)(3)||“death during commission of forcible felony”|
Here is a general outline of the Illinois murder statute:
(1) Intentional murder is when the defendant “intends to kill or do great bodily harm” or “knows his acts will cause death” (720 ILCS 5/9-1(a)(1));
(2) Strong-probability murder is when the defendant knows his acts “create a strong probability of death or great bodily harm” (720 ILCS 5/9-1(a)(2)); and
(3) Felony murder is when defendant commits or attempts to commit a forcible felony and, during the commission of that felony, a death occurs (720 ILCS 5/9-1(a)(3)).
Sentence & Classification
In Illinois first degree murder has its own special classification. It a class M felony and is normally punishable from between 20 to 60 years, however special enhancements may also apply.